#2 Throw someone off a cliff
My professor states that “Fiction is all about transformation”. When you write you need to keep the changes coming. This is also a true factor in life- it could be said that more people would dream about WWII than about the 1950s, or they would prefer a Roman Conquest to a Pax Romana. Change is exhilarating, difficult, and necessary to life. Without change there is no progress, without change there is no story.
In the case of fiction: in short stories you want to end at a place of no return- getting as far around the story circle as possible to have your reader wish there was more to read or feel satisfied at your story’s completion. For novels you want to cause a change as often as possible as it makes your reader want to turn the page. Stephen King’s IT is a page turner because he leaves chapters mid-sentence, but this isn’t the only way to keep your readers engaged. Other writers, especially YA novelists, leave each chapter with something unfinished or having just started.
Write to keep the reader’s attention, never leave them with the room to walk away.
Remember this one by saying to yourself: Without change there is no story.